As the U.S. gears up for its third round of “coalition”-based military intervention in Iraq in less than a quarter-century, experts are questioning whether Washington can achieve anything meaningful when it comes to core political issues such as reducing corruption and reversing the slow collapse of central governments. Unlike 1990 and 2003, when Washington assembled multilateral coalitions under two presidents named Bush to battle the regime of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, this time the enemy is a nonstate actor, the Al-Qaeda splinter group ISIS, and Barack Obama is leading a very different fight, analysts say. ISIS, with its control of territory in both Iraq and Syria, is the announced target of the U.S.-led coalition but the challenge involves radically reforming politics in Iraq, where the group first emerged, experts say. And the Obama administration has repeatedly demonstrated its unwillingness and inability to see such efforts through to the end, they warn.
This section provides readers with the latest news regarding anti-corruption issues worldwide.
What are the main functions and operations of your agency?
QUESTION #11 FROM OUR SURVEYS
- A review of the literature on ACAs indicates that there is no standard approach or model when it comes to the establishment of an ACA and the definition of its mandate.
- Some ACAs have been created from scratch, while others have built on existing ombudsman offices, special units within police departments, or justice departments.
- The ACAs included in this initiative are no different. The majority of ACAs have some preventive and investigating functions, but prosecution is carried out by less than half.
Apr 09, 2015
The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was established in September 1994 under the Corruption and Economic Crime Act Model and staffed by the former members of the Hong Kong agency and local personnel. The Directorate is an... Read More
OF COUNTRIES HAVE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION LAWS
FROM OUR COUNTRY CROSS-ANALYSIS
The existence of anti-corruption laws is the first step in addressing corruption and creating an enabling environment for ACAs to operate effectively. Anti-corruption laws and regulations such as freedom of information, conflict of interest legislation, whistle-blower protection and financial disclosure, can facilitate the investigative and prosecution functions of ACAs.
For this reason, many countries have introduced this type of laws, as the data collected highlights. This may appear encouraging for the seemingly widespread existence of a comprehensive legal system in support of ACAs activities. It is however important to stress that the data presented capture the existence of the laws (“de jure” system) and not whether the laws are implemented (“de facto”).