US President Barack Obama has told the BBC he will continue to deliver his "blunt message" to African leaders about gay rights and discrimination. "I am not a fan of discrimination and bullying of anybody on the basis of race... religion... sexual orientation or gender," he said. Mr Obama was talking ahead of a trip to his ancestral home of Kenya. The visit also demonstrated US commitment to the fighting terror in East Africa, he said. It will be his first visit to Kenya since becoming president. He will become the first US leader to address the African Union when he travels on to Ethiopia on Sunday. Mr Obama has faced criticism in some African countries after the US legalised gay marriage. However, the president said he would not fall silent on the issue. The US leader also admitted that some African governments, including Kenya's, needed to improve their records on human rights and democracy. However, he defended his decision to engage with and visit those governments. "Well, they're not ideal institutions. But what we found is, is that when we combined blunt talk with engagement, that gives us the best opportunity to influence and open up space for civil society." President Obama said the US would continue to co-operate with Kenya and other East African nations to counter the threats from Islamist extremists groups. He is due to address the global entrepreneurship summit in the capital, Nairobi this weekend, which the US State Department said could provide "a target for terrorists". But Mr Obama told the BBC's North America editor Jon Sopel that there is a link between security and entrepreneurship. "When they [people] have a sense of control of their own destiny, then they're less vulnerable to the propaganda and twisted ideologies that have been attracting young people - particularly now being turbocharged through social media."
This section provides readers with the latest news regarding anti-corruption issues worldwide.
What are the main functions and operations of your agency?
QUESTION #11 FROM OUR SURVEYS
- A review of the literature on ACAs indicates that there is no standard approach or model when it comes to the establishment of an ACA and the definition of its mandate.
- Some ACAs have been created from scratch, while others have built on existing ombudsman offices, special units within police departments, or justice departments.
- The ACAs included in this initiative are no different. The majority of ACAs have some preventive and investigating functions, but prosecution is carried out by less than half.
Apr 09, 2015
The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was established in September 1994 under the Corruption and Economic Crime Act Model and staffed by the former members of the Hong Kong agency and local personnel. The Directorate is an... Read More
OF COUNTRIES HAVE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION LAWS
FROM OUR COUNTRY CROSS-ANALYSIS
The existence of anti-corruption laws is the first step in addressing corruption and creating an enabling environment for ACAs to operate effectively. Anti-corruption laws and regulations such as freedom of information, conflict of interest legislation, whistle-blower protection and financial disclosure, can facilitate the investigative and prosecution functions of ACAs.
For this reason, many countries have introduced this type of laws, as the data collected highlights. This may appear encouraging for the seemingly widespread existence of a comprehensive legal system in support of ACAs activities. It is however important to stress that the data presented capture the existence of the laws (“de jure” system) and not whether the laws are implemented (“de facto”).