A fresh report on the status of Tanzania's wildlife sector cited corruption as one of the reasons behind the increasing incidents of wildlife poaching in the East African nation. The 82-page report, which was released here on Monday, came after a study carried out by the Arusha NGO Network (ANGONET) in collaboration with Kepa, a Finnish NGO Platform. Some wildlife officials have been implicated with corruption practices in the report titled "State of corporate social responsibility in the wildlife sector". Joanita Mlay, one of the researchers who took part in the study, said majority of the respondents associated light fines or sentences that were imposed to poachers on one hand and heavy fines to ordinary community members who were involved in minor offenses on the other hand. "In some cases courts granted bail to the accused individuals as provided by relevant laws. This provision gave opportunity for bailed individuals enough time to interfere with cases through corruption and ultimately resulting into chances of such cases being ruled out in favor of culprits," the researcher said. "In circumstances where on one hand prosecutors felt that there existed corruption between magistrates and suspects, they were discouraged to follow up the cases," said Peter Aham, executive chairman of ANGONET. "On the other hand when bribery was felt to prevail between game officers and the accused, informers avoided intimidation and shunned away from attending courts," he said. Aham revealed that some respondents attributed prevailing interception of trophies in foreign countries but believed to originate from Tanzania to corruption. "They wondered why there has been many reports on interceptions on consignments of elephant ivory either on the way to foreign countries or already packed and ready for export at exist points than reports on poachers' intercepted before they have killed the animals," he said.
This section provides readers with the latest news regarding anti-corruption issues worldwide.
What are the main functions and operations of your agency?
QUESTION #11 FROM OUR SURVEYS
- A review of the literature on ACAs indicates that there is no standard approach or model when it comes to the establishment of an ACA and the definition of its mandate.
- Some ACAs have been created from scratch, while others have built on existing ombudsman offices, special units within police departments, or justice departments.
- The ACAs included in this initiative are no different. The majority of ACAs have some preventive and investigating functions, but prosecution is carried out by less than half.
Apr 09, 2015
The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was established in September 1994 under the Corruption and Economic Crime Act Model and staffed by the former members of the Hong Kong agency and local personnel. The Directorate is an... Read More
OF COUNTRIES HAVE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION LAWS
FROM OUR COUNTRY CROSS-ANALYSIS
The existence of anti-corruption laws is the first step in addressing corruption and creating an enabling environment for ACAs to operate effectively. Anti-corruption laws and regulations such as freedom of information, conflict of interest legislation, whistle-blower protection and financial disclosure, can facilitate the investigative and prosecution functions of ACAs.
For this reason, many countries have introduced this type of laws, as the data collected highlights. This may appear encouraging for the seemingly widespread existence of a comprehensive legal system in support of ACAs activities. It is however important to stress that the data presented capture the existence of the laws (“de jure” system) and not whether the laws are implemented (“de facto”).