The latest World Bank review of government policies and institutions in Africa shows that 20 percent of countries improved their policy environment to boost growth and cut poverty in 2013. The review is the annual Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA), which rates the performance of poor countries. CPIA scores assess the quality of countries' policy and institutional progress using 16 development indicators in four areas: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions. Countries are rated on a scale of 1 (low) to 6 (high) for each indicator. The overall CPIA score reflects the average of the four areas of the CPIA. "Eight countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) had a rise in overall CPIA scores, and another eight saw the overall CPIA score decline," said a statement issued in Nairobi, Kenya on Thursday. The Democratic Republic of Congo scored the largest gain, from 2.7 to 2.9. A broad-based deepening of policy reforms lifted Rwanda's CPIA score, putting it alongside Cape Verde and Kenya at the top of the score range. South Sudan and Eritrea -- both countries struggling with deep policy challenges -- had the lowest scores. Countries transitioning from conflict, such as CÃ´te d'Ivoire, recorded solid gains in their policy environment. At the same time, the Central African Republic's CPIA rating was sharply lower, showing that conflict rapidly sets back policy gains. "Although there are a number of highly performing countries, African IDA eligible countries on average continue to lag behind those in other regions in their policy and institutional ratings," Francisco Ferreira, Chief Economist, World Bank Africa Region said.
This section provides readers with the latest news regarding anti-corruption issues worldwide.
What are the main functions and operations of your agency?
QUESTION #11 FROM OUR SURVEYS
- A review of the literature on ACAs indicates that there is no standard approach or model when it comes to the establishment of an ACA and the definition of its mandate.
- Some ACAs have been created from scratch, while others have built on existing ombudsman offices, special units within police departments, or justice departments.
- The ACAs included in this initiative are no different. The majority of ACAs have some preventive and investigating functions, but prosecution is carried out by less than half.
Apr 09, 2015
The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was established in September 1994 under the Corruption and Economic Crime Act Model and staffed by the former members of the Hong Kong agency and local personnel. The Directorate is an... Read More
OF COUNTRIES HAVE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION LAWS
FROM OUR COUNTRY CROSS-ANALYSIS
The existence of anti-corruption laws is the first step in addressing corruption and creating an enabling environment for ACAs to operate effectively. Anti-corruption laws and regulations such as freedom of information, conflict of interest legislation, whistle-blower protection and financial disclosure, can facilitate the investigative and prosecution functions of ACAs.
For this reason, many countries have introduced this type of laws, as the data collected highlights. This may appear encouraging for the seemingly widespread existence of a comprehensive legal system in support of ACAs activities. It is however important to stress that the data presented capture the existence of the laws (“de jure” system) and not whether the laws are implemented (“de facto”).