NEWS

This section provides readers with the latest news regarding anti-corruption issues worldwide.

African Countries Show Mixed Results in Quality of Government Performance

The latest World Bank review of government policies and institutions in Africa shows that 20 percent of countries improved their policy environment to boost growth and cut poverty in 2013. The review is the annual Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA), which rates the performance of poor countries. CPIA scores assess the quality of countries' policy and institutional progress using 16 development indicators in four areas: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions. Countries are rated on a scale of 1 (low) to 6 (high) for each indicator. The overall CPIA score reflects the average of the four areas of the CPIA. "Eight countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) had a rise in overall CPIA scores, and another eight saw the overall CPIA score decline," said a statement issued in Nairobi, Kenya on Thursday. The Democratic Republic of Congo scored the largest gain, from 2.7 to 2.9. A broad-based deepening of policy reforms lifted Rwanda's CPIA score, putting it alongside Cape Verde and Kenya at the top of the score range. South Sudan and Eritrea -- both countries struggling with deep policy challenges -- had the lowest scores. Countries transitioning from conflict, such as Côte d'Ivoire, recorded solid gains in their policy environment. At the same time, the Central African Republic's CPIA rating was sharply lower, showing that conflict rapidly sets back policy gains. "Although there are a number of highly performing countries, African IDA eligible countries on average continue to lag behind those in other regions in their policy and institutional ratings," Francisco Ferreira, Chief Economist, World Bank Africa Region said.