CountryThe Name of AgencyLanguageWhat are the main anticorruption laws of your country?Any Donor Involvement?Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (whistle-blowing)?Does your agency have budgetary autonomy?Does your agency measure performance?Does your agency publish an annual report of activities?Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest?Does your country have conflict of interest legislation?Does your country have freedom of information legislation?Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA?Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies? Number of cases handled annually (if applicable)Number of investigators (if applicable)Number of prosecutors (if applicable)Please enter current size of permanent staff What are the main functions and operations of your agency?What is the annual budget of your agency?Who appoints the head of your agency?Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA?
AfghanistanIndependent Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Committee Pashto , Dari

The Anti-Corruption Law, Annex 4 to the Penal Code, The Criminal Procedure Code, The Law on the and Campaign Against Major Crimes.


Yes, the primary anti-corruption strategy is the National Anti-corruption Strategy (aka Azimi report) drafted in 2008. There is also an anti-corruption cross-cutting strategy within the Afghan National Development Strategy (ANDS)  also published in 2008.

YesYesN/AN/AN/A24PolicyUS $ 2.1 Million The Committee Members appoint the Chair and the Members themselves are nominated by the international community and approved by the President. The Secretariat Executive Director is appointed by the Committee. The President.
ArgentinaOficina AnticorrupciónSpanish

Ley 25.188 (Ley de Ética en el ejercicio de la Función Pública) , Decreto 41/99 (Código de Ética de la Función Pública), Decreto 102-99 (Of. Anticorrupción. Estructura, competencia y funciones), Ley 24.759 (Convención OEA), Ley 25.319 (Convención OCDE) y Ley 26.097 (Convención ONU).
Listado completo de normas:


Yes, there is a single anti-corruption strategy.

NoNoHandled 844 activities related to corruption.33 (prosecutors / investigators)33 (prosecutors / investigators)100Research, Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionUS $ 4.1 Million The President The President
AustriaFederal Bureau of Anti-Corruption(within the Federal Ministry of the Interior)Croatian , German , Hungarian , Slovenian

Abuse of official authority (§ 302 of the Austrian Penal Code (StGB),
Corruptibility (§ 304 StGB),
Acceptance of an advantage (§ 305 StGB),
Acceptance of an advantage for the purpose of exerting influence (§ 306 StGB),
Bribery (§ 307 StGB),
Offering an advantage (§ 307a StGB),
Offering an advantage for the purpose of exerting influence (§ 307b StGB),
Illicit intervention (§ 308 StGB),
Breach of official secrecy (§ 310 StGB),
Breach of trust due to abuse of an official function or due to involvement of an office holder
(§ 153, paragraph 2, case 2, § 313, or in connection with § 74, paragraph 1, no. 4a, StGB),
Acceptance of gifts by persons holding a position of power (§ 153a StGB),
Agreements restricting competition in procurement procedures (§ 168b StGB) as well as serious fraud
            (§ 147 StGB) and commercial fraud (§ 148 StGB) on the basis of such agreement,
Acceptance of gifts and bribery of employees or agents (§ 309 StGB).


A primary anticorruption strategy is being developed by the Ministry of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Anti-Corruption.

YesNo55115Research, Prevention, InvestigationEUR 7.780000The Federal Minister of the Interior appoints the head of our agency after consultation amongst the presidents of the Constitutional Court, the Administrative Court and the Supreme Court of Justice.Federal Minister of the Interior.
AustraliaThe state of Western AustraliaEnglish

CCC is a state-based jurisdiction. There are 6 states in Australia. Most have anti-corruption bodies. Some have more than one. CCC has investigative and corruption prevention mandates. Investigative mandate includes a variety of coercive powers, including to compel witnesses to publicly examine witnesses,  to compel witnesses to give evidence on oath, to compel people and organisations to produce documents, to search premises; and a variety of covert powers, including to intercept telecommunications and conduct integrity tests.



YesNo80154Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, Forensic30.2 million (2011)Committee of the ParliamentGovernor on address from both houses of parliament
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAgency for the Prevention of Corruption and the Coordination of the Fight Against Corruption

Criminal Code of BiH “Official Gazette BiH”, no.: 3/03, 32/03, 37/03, 54/04, 61/04, 30/05, 53/06, 55/06, 32/07, 8/10 and 47/14)
Law on Public Procurement BiH, “Official Gazette BiH”, no.: 19/05, 52/05, 8/06, 24/06, 70/06, 12/09, 60/10 and 87/13)
Law on Conflict of Interest in BiH, “Official Gazette BiH”, no.: 6/02, 14/03, 12/04, 63/08, 18/12 and 87/13)
Election Law of BiH, “Official Gazette BiH” no.: 23/01, 7/02, 9/02, 20/02, 25/02, 4/04, 20/04, 25/05, 52/05, 65/05, 77/05, 11/06, 24/06, 32/07, 33/08,
37/08 and 32/10)
Law on Political Party Financing, “Official Gazette BiH” no.: 22/00 and 102/09
Law on International Legal Aid in Criminal Matters “Official Gazette BiH”, no.: 53/09.
Law on Freedom of Access to Information in BiH “Official Gazette BiH” no.:  28/00, 45/06, 102/09, 62/11 and 100/13
Law on Whistleblower Protection in the Institutions of Bosnia-Herzegovina “Official Gazette BiH”, no.: 100/13
Law on the Agency for the Prevention of Corruption and the Coordination of the Fight Against Corruption “Official Gazette BiH”, no.: 103/09 and 58/13


The Council of Ministers of BiH adopted at the 99th session on state level the Strategy for the Fight against Corruption (2009-2014) and the Action Plan to implement the Strategy on 24th September 2009. Now the Agency is working on the Strategy for the Fight against Corruption (2015-2019) and the Action Plan to implement the Strategy.

YesYes22Research, Prevention, Policy885.000 KM (2012); 932,000 KM (2013); 1.115.000 KM (2014).The Director was appointed by the Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina has the right to dismiss the Director.
BarbadosDepartment of Public ProsecutionsEnglish

Prevention of Corruption Act Chapter 144 and Prevention of Corruption Act, 2010.


There is currently a primary Anti-Corruption Strategy.

NoNo200N/A1010Prosecution(US) $1 MillionJudicial and Legal Services commissionHigh Court
BangladeshMinistry of Public AdministrationBengali

Anti-Corruption Act, Panel code, Conduct Rule of Civil Servants and Discipline and Appeal rules.


Yes. There is currently a single Anti-Corruption Strategy.

YesYes400300150Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, PolicyPresident of the CountryJudiciary Commission
Burkina FasoAutorité Supérieure de Contrôle d’Etat / High Authority of State OversightFrench

-Document de Politique nationale révisée de lutte contre la corruption (décret n°2013-859 /PRES/PM du 3 octobre 2013 portant adoption de la politique nationale révisée de lutte contre la corruption et son plan d’actions)
-Code pénal (Loi n° 043/96/ADP du 13 novembre 1996)
-Loi n° 032/2007/AN du 29/11/2007 portant création, attributions, composition et fonctionnement d’une Autorité supérieure de contrôle d’Etat


Document de Politique nationale révisée de lutte contre la corruption (décret n°2013-859 /PRES/PM du 3 octobre 2013 portant adoption de la politique nationale révisée de lutte contre la corruption et son plan d’actions)

NoYes2721Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, AccountingUS$ 2.54 Million By the Council of Ministries based on recommendation from the Prime Minister.By the Council of Ministries based on recommendation from the Prime Minister.
BrazilOffice of the Comptroller GeneralPortuguese

Federal Constitution of 1988 (provisions on:  internal control bodies; public procurement; recruitment of public officials; impropriety offence; and responsibility crimes of the President of the Republic); Penal Code (Decree-Law n. 2.848, of December 7th 1940): bribery of domestic public officials; bribery of foreign public officials; traffic of influence in international business transactions; fraud; embezzlement; misappropriation of public funds; and other offences; Responsibility crimes procedural law  (Law 1,079/1950); Law on the Liability of Mayors and City Council Members (Decree-Law 201/1967); Official Misconduct Law (Law 8.429/92); Brazilian Court of Accounts Law (8.443/1992); Public Procurement Law (8.666/93); Attorney General Office’s Organic Law (Complementary Law 73/93); Public Prosecutor’s Office Organic Law (Complementary Law 75/1993); Law on the obligation to report assets and income in the Executive, Legislative and Judiciary (Law 8,730/1993); Violations against the economic order (Law 8.884/94); Law on prevention and repression of criminal organizations’ activities (law 9,034/1995); Phone communication interception law (Law 9,074/1995); Public service corporations regulation Law (Law 8,987/1995); Money Laundering (Law 9.613/98); Administrative procedure for the Federal Public Administration (Law 9,784/1999); Victims and Witnesses Protection Federal Program Law (Law 9,807/1999); Fiscal Responsibility Law (Complementary Law 101/2000); Crimes against Public Finances (Law 10,028/2000); Executive Branch Internal Control Law (Law 10.180/2001); Law on the secrecy of Financial Institutions operations (Law 105/2001); E-procurement system Law (Law 10,520/2002); Brazilian Office of the Comptroller General Law (Law 10.683/2003); Regulation on Politically Exposed Persons (Circular 3,339/2006 of the Central Bank); Fund Transfers Regulation (Decree n. 6170/2007); High-level Officials Code of Conduct; Public Officials Ethics Code (Decree n. 4.061); Full Transparency Law (Complementary Law n. 131/2010) and Access to Information Law (Law n. 12,527 of November 18th 2011).


Yes, there is a National Strategy Against Corruption and Money Laundering (Estratégia Nacional de Combate à Corrupção e à Lavagem de Dinheiro - ENCCLA).

NoYesIn 2011, the following investigations were carried out: 10.524 investigative audit actions; 74 assets and financial investigation of public officials; and 12 procedures related to administrative liability of legal persons in their relations with the Federal Public Administration. Plus, CGU monitored 1.788 investigations carried out by federal ministries and agencies (as the central body for disciplinary actions in the federal Executive Branch). 100 -- Administrative, audits and disciplinary cases.N/A2 280Research, Prevention, Investigation, Accounting, PolicyUS$ 37.2 MillionThe head of the Brazilian Office of the Comptroller General is a Minister of State, appointed by the President of the Republic. The President of the Republic.
BhutanAnti-corruption CommissionBhutanese

Anti-Corruption Act (ACA) of Bhutan 2011, Constitution of Bhutan, Asset Declaration (AD) rule 2011, Debarment rule 2012 (draft), Gift rule 2012 (draft), Civil and Criminal Court Procedure (CCPC) 2001, Penal Code of Bhutan 2004 and Audit Act of Bhutan 2006.


Yes. The National Anti-corruption Strategy Framework (available at

YesNo20 cases28N/A68Prevention, Investigation, ForensicUS$ 1.43 millionNominated by the Speaker of National Assembly, Prime Minister, Opposition Leader, Chief Justice and Chairperson of National Council. Appointed by His Majesty the King of Bhutan. Head of the ACA can be removed through the impeachment (bill).
BotswanaDirectorate on Corruption and Economic Crime English , Setswana

Corruption and Economic Crime Act of 1994
Amended Corruption and Economic Crime Act of 2013
Proceeds and Instruments of Crime of 2014
Section 99 of the Penal Code of 1964


National Anti Corruption Strategy exists on the investigative, Preventive and Education effort. It was updated in 2013.

YesYes76 Investigators and 11 Legal advisersLawyers to assist in the prosecution led Investigation.294Prevention, Investigation, Forensic, Policy£ 6,767,933.HE The President of BotswanaHE The President of Botswana
CameroonNational Anti-Corruption CommissionFrench
  • Constitution of Cameroon: Amendment of constitution of Cameroon by Law N° 96-06 of 18 January 1996 completing the 1972 Constitution of Cameroon requires the filling of a statement of assets and liabilities for all public officials.
  • Declaration of assets and properties: Law N° 2006/3 of 25/04/2006.
  • Penal Code: Law N0 65 LF -24 of 12 November, 1965; Law N° 67-LF-1 of 12 June, 1967); Law N° 177/23 of 6 December, 1977; Law N° 72 – 16 of 28 September, 1972.
  • Criminal Procedure Code: Law N° 2005/007 of 27th July 2005.
  • Special Criminal Court: Law N° 2011/028 of 14 December, 2011.
  • Bank confidentiality: Law N°2003/004 of 21/04/2003;
  • Financing of political parties and election campaigns: Law N°2000/015 of 19 December 2000.
  • Sanctioning of Corrupt Magistrates: Decree N° 95/048 of 1995.
  • National Anti-Corruption Commission: Decree N° 2006/088 of 11 March 2006.
  • National Governance Programme
  • Cameroon Tax Code
  • Cameroon Public Service Code
  • Cameroon Public Procurement Code
  • UN Convention against Corruption ratified by Cameroon on 25th April 2004.
  • UN Convention for the fight against transnational organized crimes.
  • African Union Convention on the fight against corruption.

Yes. Cameroon has a National Anti-Corruption strategy. It was elaborated in 2010 and adopted by the government in 2011. The implementation is underway using the Rapid Results Initiatives. A second volume of the strategy, still awaiting adoption by the government, was elaborated in 2012.

YesYes9002679Research, Prevention, Investigation, Forensic, Accounting2 700 000 000 FCFA, approximately 5 400 000 US Dollars.The President of the Republic.The President of the Republic.
Costa RicaGeneral Attorney's Office Of The RepublicSpanish

Ratificación de la Convención Interamericana contra la Corrupción, law number 7670. Creación de la Fiscalía Penal de Hacienda y de la función Pública, Law number 8221. Creación de la Procuraduría de la Ética Pública, Law number 8242. Ley contra la Corrupción y el Enriquecimiento Ilícito en la Función Pública, law number 8422. Ratificación de la Convención de las Naciones Unidas contra la Corrupción, law number 8557. Ley contra la Delincuencia Organizada, Law number 8754 and Código Penal, Law number 4573.


Yes. There is currently a single Anti-Corruption Strategy. The anti-corruption strategy is integrated with the National Plan of Development.

NoNo140 administrative investigations and 1119 judicial processes7515Research, Prevention, InvestigationThe Annual Budget for the General Attorney’s Office of is: US$ 15.1 Million. The Public Ethics Area doesn’t have its own individual annual budget . Dirección General de Servicio Civil.The Justice Minister.
Czech RepublicPolice of the Czech Republic Unit Combating Corruption and Financial CrimesCzech

United Nations Convention against Corruption. Czech Penal Code.


Government strategy in the fight against corruption 2013 - 2014

NoYesNot applicable334Research, Investigation, PolicyThere is no separate budgetChPolice President (Head of the Czech Police)Police President (Head of the Czech Police)
EstoniaThe Prosecutor`s OfficeEnglish , Estonian

The Anti-corruption Act and the Penal Code.


Estonian government has the Anti-Corruption Strategy 2008-2012, which is the sequel for the Anti Corruption Strategy “Honest State 2004-2007”.

YesYes28,159 individuals processed 0190279Investigation, ProsecutionUS $ 11.5 millionThe government appoints general prosecutor on the proposal of the Minister of Justice.The Minister of Justice or the government on the proposal of the Minister of Justice.
SpainOficina Antifrau de Catalunya/ Anti-Fraud Office of CataloniaSpanish

- United Nations Convention against corruption, New York 31 October 2003, Official State Gazette (BOE) 171, of 19 July 2006, came into force 19.07.2006;
- OECD convention on the fight against corruption of foreign public agents in international commercial transactions, Paris 17 December 1997, Official State Gazette (BOE) 46 of 22.02.2002 came into force on 4.03.2000;
- The Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption, Strasbourg 27 January 1999, Convention 173, Official State Gazette (BOE) 182, of 28.07.2010, came into force 01.09.2010 and Additional Protocol of 15 May 2003.
- The Council of Europe Civil Law Convention on Corruption, Strasbourg 4 November 1999, Convention 174, Official State Gazette (BOE) 78, of 31.03.2010, came into force 01.04.2010.
- In Spain and in the autonomous community of Catalonia we can also find the following laws and regulations on conflict of interests, financing of political parties, local government, corporate social responsibility, etc.


In the current Government Plan 2011-2014, the Catalan government acknowledges the existence of three simultaneous crises, one of which is the lack of confidence/trust with the institutions. Because of this, the Government will have to face some challenges, one of them being the transparency in public life and the fight against corruption. In 2013, two summits were organised from the government under a programme of 51 measures for the democratic regeneration and the Transparency proposed by the President of the Catalan Government where anti-corruption measures were passed. The summits were organized together with the Presidents and the Directors of external control bodies and institutions. This measures will need to be implemented. Information about the initiative can be found at:

YesNo9 investigators and 11 analyists46Research, Prevention, Investigation, PolicyIn 2013, the budget was of 4.699.972,91 € (it suffers variations every year)The director of the Anti-Fraud Office of Catalonia is chosen by Parliament at the proposal of the Government from among citizens of legal age enjoying full use of their civil and political rights and fulfilling the conditions of suitability, probity and professionalism necessary for exercising the post. Those chosen must be on the government-registered as resident in Catalonia.The president of the Generalitat (Catalan Government) must in the name of the Government propose the candidate to Parliament, and the candidate must appear before the corresponding parliamentary committee in order to be evaluated in terms of fulfilment of the conditions required for the post. The candidate is chosen as director of the Anti-Fraud Office by the Plenary Session of Parliament by a majority of three-fifths of the members. If the candidate does not obtain the required majority he/she must be submitted to a second vote, at the same Plenary Session, and in order to be chosen will then require a favourable vote of the absolute majority of the members of the chamber. The director of the Anti-Fraud Office is then appointed by the president of Parliament and must take possession of the post within a period of one month from the date of publication of the appointment in the Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (official gazette of the government of Catalonia). The grounds for dismissal of the Director of the Anti-Fraud Office of Catalonia are the following (which are described in 11 of the Law 14/2008, of November 5th on the creation of the Anti-Fraud Office) : a) Resignation. b) Termination of mandate by expiry of the period. c) Incompatibility that arises. d) Incapacity declared by firm judicial decision. e) Disqualification from exercise of the political rights declared by firm judicial decision. f) Conviction for an offence by firm decision. g) Gross and serious negligence in fulfilling the obligations and duties of the post. Where the cause is that described in letter g (gross and serious negligence), the dismissal of the director of the Anti-Fraud Office must be proposed by the pertinent parliamentary committee (Committee of Institutional Affairs); the director has the right to attend the committee meeting and to speak. The decision must be agreed by the Plenary Session of Parliament by three-fifths majority. If the required majority is not achieved a second vote must be carried out at the same Plenary session, and the dismissal will then require a favourable vote of the absolute majority of the members of the chamber. In all other cases, dismissal is decided by the president of the Parliament.
EthiopiaFederal Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission of EthiopiaAmharic , English

The Criminal Code Proclamation No. 414/2004; The Criminal Procedure Code 1961;The Revised Federal Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission Establishment Proclamation No. 433/2005; The Revised Anti-corruption Special Procedure and Rules of Evidence Proclamation No. 434/2005; Assets Disclosure and Registration Proclamation No. 668/2010; Protection of Witnesses and Whistleblowers of Criminal Offences Proclamation No. 699/2011; Prevention and Suppression of Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism Proclamation No. 657/2009; The African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption Ratification Proclamation No. 545/2007; The United Nations Convention Against Corruption Ratification Proclamation No. 544/2007; IGAD Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Ratification Proclamation No. 732/2012; Regional Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission Establishment Proclamations ( 8 of the nine regions have such laws); Office of the Federal Auditor General Establishment (as amended) Proclamation No. 669/2010; Federal Courts Advocates’ Licensing and Registration Proclamation No. 733/2012; Customs Proclamation No. 622/2009; Licensing and Supervision of Banking Business (Ethiopian National Bank Directive No. SBB/46/2010 Customer Due Diligence of Banks) and Definition of Powers and Duties of the Executive Organs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Proclamation No. 691/2010.


There is a five-year anti-corruption strategy plan.

YesYesAnnually, 3,403 corruption cases reported, 922 files investigated and 809 cases handled in court. 32 (17 of them are support staff)32308Research, Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionUS$ 2 millionThe House of Peoples’ Representatives appoints the Commissioner of the Commission upon nomination by the Prime Minister. The Commissioner or the Deputy Commissioner may not be removed except on his will unless a) he has violated the provisions of the relevant code of conduct; b) he has shown manifest incompetence and inefficiency c) he can no longer carry out his responsibilities on account of mental or physical illness.
United KingdomCity of London Police Overseas Anticorruption UnitEnglish

Bribery Act 2010, Prevention of Corruption Act 1906  and as amended by the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001.


Yes. Most local government authorities in the UK have put in place anti-fraud and anti-corruption strategies. For example, please refer to the following link: Exeter City Council

NoYesApproximately 258N/A12Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionUS $ 1.82 MillionPolice Authority

There are over 20 laws on corruption. They include the following main ones:
Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice Act 1993 (Act 456)
Economic and Organised Crime Act 2010 (804)
Anti-Money Laundering Act 2008(Act 749)
Criminal Offences Act 2007(Act 726)
Financial Administrative Act 2003(Act 654)
Audit service Act 2000 (Act 584)


National Anti – Corruption Plan (NACAP)

NoYes197NA731Research, Prevention, Investigation16,844538The President of the Republic of GhanaThe President and based of findings of misconduct by a Committee of 5 established for the purpose by the Chief Justice
GuatemalaTransparency and Fighting Corruption Commission of the Guatemala Vice-presidency Spanish

Politic Constitution of the Guatemalan Republic, Access to the Public Information Law, Law against Money Laundry and other Assets, Penal Code, Law against Financial Terrorism, Law against Transnational Bribe and Probity Law.


Yes, there is a national anti-corruption strategy and it is called Strategic Plan of the Transparency and Fighting Corruption Commission 2010 – 2012.

YesYesN/AN/A7PreventionThe President The President
Hong KongIndependent Commission Against Corruption English

In Hong Kong, the main anti-corruption law is the Prevention of Bribery Ordinance (POBO), which governs corruption in both the public and private sectors. Law enforcement powers, including the power of arrest, detention, search and seizure, are vested in the ICAC Ordinance. Apart from the POBO, the ICAC also enforces the Elections (Corruption and Illegal Conduct) Ordinance, which deals with corrupt and illegal conduct in various public elections, including the Chief Executive election, the Legislative Council election and District Councils elections.


Since its inception in 1974, the ICAC has been a unique anti-corruption agency, which is directly answerable to the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), People’s Republic of China, who is the head of the HKSAR government. The ICAC adopts a three-pronged strategy of effective law enforcement, prevention and education in the fight against corruption, respectively undertaken by the Operations Department, the Corruption Prevention Department and the Community Relations Department.

YesYes4,010 corruption complaints and 608 election-related complaints received in 2011. (Note: They are corruption complaints which require investigation to ascertain if the allegations are substantiated.) Establishment: 1,415 Strength: 1335 (as at 31.12.2013)In Hong Kong, the prosecution is the responsibility of a separate department - Department of Justice.1 300Research, Prevention, Investigation, Forensic, AccountingThe estimated budget for the financial year 2013/14 which begins on 1 April is HK$ 920 million The Commissioner of the Independent Commission Against Corruption is appointed by the State Council of the Peoples’ Republic of China, on recommendation of the Chief Executive of HKSAR Government.The same process and mechanism apply as in the appointment.
CroatiaState Attorney’s Office, the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organized CrimeCroatian

Criminal Code
Criminal Procedure Act
Act on the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime
Act on Confiscation of Pecuniary Gain acquired by Criminal or Misdemeanor offence
Act on the Prevention of Conflict of Interest in the Exercise of Public Office
Act on the Right of Access to Information
Act on Financing of Political parties and independent candidates
Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Act


Yes, there is the Anti-Corruption Strategy issued by the Croatian Parliament

NoYesHead of USKOK and 29 Deputy Heads55Investigation, Prosecution21,298,250.00 HRK (for 2013)State Attorney General with the prior opinion of the minister responsible for judicial affairs and the opinion of the collegiate body of the State Attorney’s Office of the Republic of Croatia.State Attorney’s Council upon the proposal of the State Attorney General and with the prior opinion of the collegiate body of the State Attorney’s Office of the Republic of Croatia.
HaitiAnti-Corruption UnitFrench

 The Haitian Constitution (illicit enrichment), Interamerican Convention Against Corruption, UN Convention Against Corruption, Penal Code, and Financial Disclosure of Assets Law (02 / 12 / 08).


Yes, there is a national anti-corruption strategy.

NoNo242041Research, Prevention, InvestigationUS $ 1,27 millionThe PresidentThe President
HungaryProtective Service Of Law Enforcement AgenciesHungarian

Act IV of 1978 on the Criminal Code, Chapter XV on Crimes Against the Purity of State Administration, the Administration of Justice and Public Life, Title VII on Crimes Against the Purity of Public Life and Act XIX of 1998 on Criminal Proceedings.


Yes, there is a national anti-corruption strategy and it has been announced in the Government Resolution No. 1037/2007.

NoYesApproximately 1000 casesNot applicable290PreventionThere is no separate budgetMinister of InteriorMinister of Interior
IndonesiaCorruption Eradication CommissionBahasa Indonesia
  • Law No 28 Regarding State Administrator Clean and Free of Corruption 1999
  • Law No. 31 Regarding Anti-Corruption Act 1999
  • Law No. 20 Regarding Ammendment to AntiCorruption Act 2001
  • Law No 20 Regarding Corruption Eradication Commission 2002
  • Law No. 8 Regarding Prevention and Eradication Money Laundering 2010

Yes, Presidential Regulation No. 55 Year 2012 Regarding National Stategy on Corruption Prevention and Eracdication

YesYes26747629Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionRp703.876.268.000,00 in FY 2013The Parliament nominates and the President appoints. The Parliament
IndiaKarnataka LokayuktaEnglish , Hindi , Urdu

Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 and Money Laundering Act.


There is a single anti-corruption Strategy.

YesNo9006029735Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionThe GovernmentBy impeachment in the state assembly/the parliament
JamaicaOffice of the Director of Public ProsecutionEnglish

Corruption prevention Act, Larceny Act, Contractor General Act, Parliamentary integrity Act, Proceeds of crime Act, whistleblower legislation (in Bill stage), Special Prosecutors Act (in Bill stage), Access of information Act, Government Procurement Guidelines and Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act.


There is currently a primary Anti-Corruption Strategy.

NoNoNone4171ProsecutionThe Public Service CommissionThe Public Service Commission
JordanAnti-Corruption Commission Arabic

Anti-Corruption Commission, Anti-Money Laundering Law, Economic Offenses Law, Audit Bureau Law, Ombudsman Bureau Law and Financial Disclosure Law.


Yes, there is a primary anti-corruption Strategy-- the “National Anti-Corruption Strategy of ACC 2008-2012”).

YesYes538 complaints-2008 834 complaints-2009 025 complaints -2010284 prosecutors delegated from the High Judicial Council 121Research, Prevention, Investigation, Accounting, Policy2.900 Million JD (2010)The chairman and board members are appointed by a Royal Decree.The Royal Decree
KenyaEthics and Anti-Corruption Commission Kiswahili
  1. The Constitution 2010: Chapter Six sets out the requirements of leadership and integrity expected of all public and state officers.
  2. Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission Act, 2011: It mainly establishes the EACC, and provides for its functions and powers. Enacted pursuant to Article 79 of the Constitution.
  3. Leadership and Integrity Act, 2012: This Act provides for the procedures and mechanisms of administering the constitutional requirements on leadership and integrity under Chapter Six of the Constitution.
  4. Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act, 2003: This Act establishes offences of corruption and economic crimes, provides for their investigation and penalties.
  5. Public Officer Ethics Act, 2003: The Act was enacted to provide for ethical requirements of public officers, including wealth declaration requirements.

The National Anti-Corruption Policy is in the process of formulation.

YesYes83385Research, Prevention, Investigation, Forensic, PolicyVaries from year to year, on average Kshs. 1.5 billion. President, with approval of Parliament.President, on the recommendation of a Tribunal
South KoreaAnti-corruption and Civil Rights Commission Korean

The Act on Anti-Corruption and the Establishment and Operation of the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission, Enforcement Decree of the Act on Anti-Corruption and the Establishment and Operation of the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission, and The Code of Conduct for Public Officials.


There is currently a primary Anti-Corruption Strategy.

YesYesAbout 200About 303(Mainly providing legal advice)465Research, Prevention, Investigation, PolicyUS $ 54 millionThe PresidentThe President
Sri LankaCommission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery or Corruption Sinhala

1954 Bribery Act, 1978 Declaration of Assets and Liabilities Act, and 1994 Act No 19 setting up the Commission.


There is currently a single Anti-Corruption Strategy—the National Anti-corruption Plan (2007).

YesYesAbout 500 complaints8017100Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution61,606The President upon the recommendation of the Constitutional Council.The Parliament
LesothoDirectorate on Corruption and Economic OffenceEnglish

Constitution of Lesotho of 1993
Criminal Procedure and Evidence Act of 1981
Penal Code of 2010
Prevention of Corruption and Economic Offences Act of 1999
Prevention of Corruption and Economic Offences (Amendment) Act of 2006
Public Procurement Regulations of 2007
Money Laundering and Proceeds of Crime Act 2008
Public Finance Management Act of 2011


Lesotho has adopted the three-pronged “attack” strategy against corruption: Prevention, Public Education and Investigation. The strategy is currently under review with technical assistance from the Commonwealth Secretariat. However, a National Anti-Corruption Strategy and Action Plan (NACSAP) 2014/15 – 2018/19 involving all sectors of society, has just been developed , and formally launched.

YesYes11262Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, PolicyM18,672,000.00The Prime MinisterThe Prime Minister in accordance with the law. DG has security of tenure.
LithuaniaSpecial Investigation ServiceLatvian

Corruption Prevention Law; National Anti-Corruption Programme; Law on and Statute of the Special Investigation Service; Criminal Code; Criminal Procedure Code; Law on Adjustment of Public of Private Interests


Yes, the National Anti-Corruption Programme which includes the Strategy and the Action Plan.

YesNo255 (in 2011), 235 (in 2010), 229 (in 2009)135 persons N/A231Prevention, Investigation, PolicyUSD 7 million (2012)The director of the Special Investigation Service is appointed by the President with the consent of the Seimas (Parliament). The director of the Special Investigation Service is dismissed by the President with the consent of the Seimas (Parliament).
LatviaCorruption Prevention and Combating Bureau Latvian

Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interests in Activities of Public Officials, 2002;
Law on Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau, 2002;
Chapter XXIV of the Criminal Law;



YesYes25132Prevention, Investigation, Accounting, PolicyIn 2014 EUR 4 721 874The Director of the Bureau is appointed by the Parliament on the basis of the recommendation of the government.The Director can be removed by the Parliament vote.
MoroccoInstance centrale de prévention de la corruptionArabic

There is a wide range of anti-corruption laws but nothing specific for: Whistleblower and Witness Protection, conflict of interest and the right of access to information.


None. There is an action Plan.

YesNoNot applicableNot applicable23Research, Prevention(US) $ 1,787,472The Prime Minister.No One.
MoldovaCenter for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption Moldovan
  • Law no. 90-XVI of 25.04.2008 "On preventing and fighting against corruption; Parliament judgment no. 421-XV of 16.12.2004 for the adoption of the National Strategy for preventing and fighting against corruption.
  • Criminal code of the Republic of Moldova adopted by the Law no. 985-XV from 18.04.2002
  • Code of Criminal procedure of the Republic of Moldova adopted by the Law no.218-XVI from 24.10.2008 Law no. 25-XVI of 22.02.2008 "On the civil service code of conduct; Law no. 16-XVI of 15.02.2008 "On the conflict of interest"
  • Law no. 158-XVI of 04.07.2008 "On the civil service and the status of civil servants; Law no. 1264-XV of 19.07.2002 "On declaring and monitoring the income and assets of state dignitaries, judges, prosecutors, civil servants and certain persons holding managerial positions.
  • Law no. 271-XVI of 18.12.2008 “concerning the control of public office holders and candidates to public vacancies”
  • Law no. 204-XVI of 06.07.2006 “On the enforcement system”
  • Law no. 96-XVI of 13.04.2007 “On public procurement”
  • Law no. 239-XVI of 13.11.2008 "On the transparency in decision making process”
  • Law no. 294-XVI of 25.12.2008 "On the Prosecutor’s office"
  • Law no. 1104-XV of 06.06.2002 “On the Centre for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption” Presidential Decree no. 2231-III of 17.02.2005 on the establishment of Monitoring group of the implementation of the National Strategy for preventing and fighting against corruption and the Action plan for the Strategy’s implementation.
  • Government Decision no. 997 of 23.08.2006 “On anti-corruption expertise of draft legislative and normative acts”; Government Decision no. 615 of 28.06.2005 “On measures for preventing corruption and protectionism within public institutions”.
  • Government Decision no. 1210 of 29.10.2008 “On Civil Council on the monitoring of the Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption”.
  • Government Decision nr. 906 of 28.07.2008 “On the approval of the Methodology for assessing the corruption risks in public institutions”.
  • Government Decision no. 1461 of 19.12.2008 approving the Regulation on the mechanism of alert and monitoring the level of corruption in public authorities.

Yes. There is currently a single Anti-Corruption Strategy.

YesYes1410140543Research, Prevention, Investigation, PolicyUS $ 4.27 MillionThe GovernmentThe Government
MontenegroDirectorate for Anti-Corruption InitiativeSerbo-Croat

riminal Code –2003, last amendments 2013
Criminal Procedure Code – 2011
Law on State Prosecutor – 2003, last amendments 2013
Law on Courts – 2008, last amendments 2013
Law on the Judicial Council – 2008, last amendments 2013
Law on Civil Servants and State Employees – last amendments 2013
Law on Preventing Conflict of Interest – 2009, last amendments 2011
Law on free Access to Information – 2012
Law on the Prevention of Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing – 2007, last amendments 2012
Law on Public Procurement – 2011
Law on Financing of Political Parties – 2011


Yes, it has single national anti-corruption strategy. It is available at, under National Commission section. The Government of Montenegro has regular monitoring system of the anticorruption strategy from 2005.

YesNoNot applicable17Research, Prevention, PolicyEUR 325,441The head is selected through public competition procedure, upon which it has been nominated by Minister of Justice and finally approved by the Government of Montenegro. The Government of Montenegro upon the proposal of the Minister of Justice has the authority to remove the head of DACI.
MadagascarIndependent Anti-corruption BureauFrench , Malagasy

Law 2004-030 on flight against corruption.


Yes. There is currently a single Anti-Corruption Strategy.

YesYes50070185Prevention, InvestigationUS $ 2 Million The PresidentThe law prohibits to remove the head before he come to an end of the five years term.
MacedoniaState Commission for Prevention of Corruption Albanian , Macedonian

Law on Prevention of Corruption (2002) and Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interests (2007).


The State Commission for Prevention of Corruption, according to the Law on Prevention of Corruption is competent for coordination of development and for adoption of the national anti-corruption strategy (State Programme for Prevention and Repression of Corruption with Action plan). SCPC up to now has adopted two anti-corruption strategies that refer to the period 2003-2007 and 2007 – 2011. A Government Action Plan for Fighting Corruption covering the period 2007-2011, including budgetary implications, was also adopted in 2007, as a complementary part to the SCPC's State Programme. In addition, SCPC in 2008 adopted the State Programme for Prevention of Conflict of Interests with Action plan (2008-2010).

YesYes500-600 cases16Prevention, Investigation, PolicyUS ($) 350.000The members (seven) of SCPC are appointed by the Parliament with tenure of 5 years. The head (president of SCPC) is one of the members, who is elected by members themselves with the tenure of one year. Parliament has the authority to remove members of SCPC (including the head), within prescribed conditions into the Law on Prevention of Corruption.
MongoliaIndependent Authority against Corruption Mongol

The main anticorruption law is Mongolian law against corruption. This law was adopted on 6th of July, 2006.


In 2002, the National Anti-corruption Program was approved by the resolution No. 41 of Parliament. Action plan of the Government of Mongolia for the 2008-2012 also contains anti-corruption strategic measures. In addition, working team consisting both of IAAC leaders and the representatives of public institutions works at government level and implements plans adopted by Prime minister.

YesNo399 criminal /since Sep 7, 2007. 2390Research, Prevention, Investigation, PolicyUS$ 2,1 Million According to the Anticorruption Law of Mongolia President nominates Commissioner General and Deputy Commissioner General of IAAC and Parliament appoints them for the 6 years of term. The commissioner general and the deputy commissioner general can only be removed from their duties in the following cases, by the Parliament: upon his/her own request; for health reasons; and term of mandate expires.
MauritiusIndependent Commission Against CorruptionEnglish

Prevention of Corruption Act 2002, as amended.
Financial Intelligence and Anti-Money Laundering Act.
Year of Entry 2002


The Government strategy is through the statutory functions of ICAC under the Prevention of Corruption Act and also through the Government Programme.  It is updated regularly, at least once every year.

YesYes14642 Complaints Received 895132Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, Forensic, PolicyBudget 2014 - Rs 183.4 Million (Staff Cost: RS152,450,000; Services & Supplies: Rs19,000,000; Other Operating Cost: Rs 10,450,000: Office Equipment & Furniture: Rs 1,500,000Prime Minister after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition. Parliamentary Committee. Set up under section 59 of PoCA which shall compose of 5 members by the Prime Minister and 4 members by the Leader of Opposition. Under Section 23 of PoCA. After charges if any are proven by a person who holds or has held judicial office.
MaldivesAnti-Corruption Commission

Prevention and prohibition of corruption Act 2000, Anti-Corruption commission Act 2008


Currently there is no Anti-corruption strategy.

YesNoAbout 1001354Prevention, InvestigationUS ($) 150,000The President of the Country with the approval from the Parliament (members are heads by commission)Parliament
MalawiAnti-Corruption BureauEnglish




NoYes2910146Research, Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionUS $ 7.5 Million (It is not fixed, it varies from one financial year to another)The State President does the appointment, but such appointment is subject to the confirmation of the Public Appointments Committee of ParliamentThe State President has the authority, but such removal is subject to the confirmation of the Public Appointments Committee of Parliament
MexicoProcuraduría General de la RepúblicaSpanish

Ley Federal De Responsabilidades Administrativas De Los Servidores Públicos y Codigo Penal Tanto Federal Como Local.



YesYes60032140ProsecutionThe appointment is based on obtaining the best results at the court.The President.
MozambiqueCentral Office for the Fight against Corruption Portuguese
  • The Penal Code;
  • Law No. 6/2004, of 17 June, Anti-corruption Act;
  • Law No. 14/2012, of 8 February, amending the Law No 22/2007, of 1 August, Organic Law of the Attorney-General’s Office and the Statute of Prosecutors;
  •  Law No. 16/2012, of 14 August, Law of Public Probity;
  • Law No. 1/79, of 11 January, punishing crimes for misappropriation of State’s funds;
  • Law No. 15/2012, of 14 August, Witnesses Protection Act; and
  • Law No. 7/2012, of 5 February, Anti- Money Laundering Act.




NoYes121372Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, Forensic50.075.000 MT The Attorney GeneralThe Attorney General
NamibiaAnti-Corruption Commission (ACC)English

Anti-Corruption Act No. 8 of 2003, entered into force in 2005
Prevention of Organised Crime Act No. 29 of 2004--2009                                                                                                                                                                                                             
Banking Institutions Act No 2 of 1998 -,-,- 1998
Exchange Control Regulations, 1961
Tender Board of Namibia Act No. 16 of 1996 -,-,1996
Electoral Act of 2014 -,-,- 2014
Financial Intelligence Act No. 13 of 2012 -,-,- 2012
Public Service Act No. 13 of 1995 -,-,- 1995


Yes, 2015.  National Anti-Corruption Strategy 2015 - 2019

YesYes1971Prevention, Investigation, Forensic, Accounting, PolicyParliamentParliament
NigeriaEconomic and Financial Crimes CommissionEnglish

1. Efcc Establishment Act 2004, 2. Independent Corrupt Practices & Other Related Offences Act 2000, 3. Advance Fee Fraud And Other Fraud Offences Related Act 2006, 4. Money Laundering Prohibition Act 2011, 5. Miscellaneous Offences Act, 6. Code Of Conduct Act, 7. Nigerian Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Act, 8. Freedom Of Information Act 2011, 9. Fiscal Responsibility Act 2010, 10. Penal Code. Laws Of Federation Of Nigeria 2004, 11. Criminal Code. Laws Of Federation Of Nigeria 2004.


Yes, there is a national anti-corruption strategy.

YesYes1046961 077Research, Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionNot fixedThe President, Subject to the Confirmation of the Nigerian Senate.The President.
NigeriaEconomic and Financial Crimes CommissionEnglish
  1. EFCC Est. Act 2004 
  2. Independent Corrupt Practices & Other Related Offences Act 2000
  3. Advance Fee Fraud and Other Related Offences Act 2006
  4. Money Laundering (Prohibition) (Amendment) Act 2012
  5. Miscellaneous Offences Act
  6. Code of Conduct Act
  7. Nigerian Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Act
  8. Freedom of Information Act 2011
  9. Fiscal Responsibilities Act 2010
  10. Penal Code Laws of Federation of Nigeria 2004
  11. Criminal Code Law of Federation of Nigeria 2004
  12. Banks and Other Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 1991
  13. Failed Banks (Recovery of Debts) and Financial Malpractices in Banks (Amendment) Act 1994.

 A national anticorruption strategy document is currently being put together by the Nigerian Government.

YesYes16001261 273Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, Forensic, Policy10.5 (NGN)The President, Subject to the Confirmation of the National Assembly The President.
NepalCommission for the Investigation of Abuse of AuthorityNepali

Anti-corruption Act, Investigation of Abuse of Authority Act, Procurement Act, Money loading Act,  Information Act and, Investigative of Abuse of Authority rule and regulation.


Yes, national anti-corruption strategy.

YesYes400080200Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionUS ($) 1.38 Million Appointed by the Prime Minister upon the recommendation of the constitutional council.The chief commissioner and the commissioners may only be removed from their office by way of impeachment motion with a two third majority of the total number of the legislative parliament.
PeruThe High Level Commission for Anti-CorruptionSpanish

·         Supreme Decree No. 119-2012-PCM of December 9, 2012. National Anti-Corruption Plan.
·         Supreme Decree No. 046-2013-PCM of April 23, 2013.  Anti-Corruption Strategy of the Executive Branch.
·         Law No.  27806 of August  3, 2002. Law on Transparency and Access to Public Information.
·         Law No. 29542 of June 22, 2010. Law on the Protection of Whistleblowers in the Administrative Sphere and Effective Collaboration in Criminal Matters
·          Law No. 28024 of July 12, 2003. Law Regulating Lobbying within the Government.
·          Law No.  27815 of August 13, 2002.  Civil Service Code of Ethics Law.
·         S.D. 027-2007-PCM of March 25, 2007. Defines and establishes mandatory national policies for National Government entities.
·         Law No. 27785 of July 23, 2002. Organic Law on the National Oversight System and of the Office of the Comptroller General of the  Republic  (CGR)
·         Law No. 28716 of April 18, 2006. Law on Internal Oversight of State Entities.
·         Law No. 27482 of June 14, 2001. Law Regulating the Publication of Sworn Declarations of Income, Assets, and Revenue by State Officials and Civil Servants.
·         Law No. 26771 of September 1, 1999 (and any amendments thereto). Law that establishes a prohibition on the appointment and recruitment of staff in the Public Sector, if there is a family relationship [Law on nepotism].
·         Law No. 27588 of December 12, 2001. Law that establishes prohibitions and defines conflicts of interest for civil servants and public officials, as well as persons who provide services to the State under any contractual modality.


The country’s anti-corruption strategy is set out in the National Anti-Corruption Plan, which establishes the general guidelines and vision for the entire country, while respecting the autonomy and independence of each public entity.

YesYes11Research, Prevention, Investigation, PolicyIn ordinary resources: 1,149,984 soles, which is approximately US$ 426,000. CAN Anticorrupción has a President, who is elected from among all the members for a management period of 2 years. In the case of the General Coordinator, the appointment is made by the Office of the President of the Council of Ministers (PCM) because the General Coordination Office, as a supporting agency, is administratively attached to the PCM. This appointment is discussed in advance with the members of the Commission. In the case of the President, no provision has been made for this. Notwithstanding, s/he could be removed by decision of all the members. To date, this has not happened. The General Coordinator may be removed from his/her post by decision of the President of the Council of Ministers, subject to consultation with the members of CAN Anticorrupción.
PhilippinesOmbudsmanEnglish , Filipino

1987 Constitution and 1989 Ombudsman Act.


There is an Anti-corruption Plan.

YesYes20,0000 (of all types)7533201 073Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution$22.05 Million The PresidentFixed Term, only impeachment by the Legislature
PakistanNational Accountability BureauEnglish

National Accountability Ordinance, Pakistan Penal Code, Prevention of Corruption Act and Anti Money Laundering Act.


Yes, National Anti-corruption Strategy (NACS).

YesNo600135601 200Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, Policy(US) $5.8 MillionThe President of Pakistan.Cannot be removed except on the ground of misconduct, like that of removal of Judge of Supreme Court under Article 209 of the constitution.
RomaniaThe National Anticorruption Directorate (DNA) Romanian

Government Emergency Ordinance no. 43 from 2002 regarding DNA . Law no. 78 from 2000 on preventing, identifying and sanctioning corruption offences, Romanian Criminal Code. Law no. 144 from 2007 on the establishment, organization and functioning of the National Integrity Agency


Romanian Government has a single anticorruption strategy for 2012-2015. It was adopted through the Government Decision no. 215 from 2012, which provides the list of the tasks, the indicators of achievement and the action plan.

YesYes168 police officers and 53 experts135538Investigation, ProsecutionUS ($) 22 million in 2011The Chief Prosecutor of DNA is proposed by the Minister of Justice and appointed by the President of the Republic, after the Superior Council of Magistracy gives its opinion on this matter.The Chief Prosecutor of DNA can be removed by the President of the Republic, at the proposal of the Minister of Justice, after the Superior Council of Magistracy gives its opinion on this matter.
RwandaOffice of the Ombudsman of RwandaEnglish , French
  • Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of 04/06/2003 as amended to date (OG of 4 June 2003);
  • Organic Law no 01/2012/OL of 02/05/2012 instituting the penal code (OG of 14/06/2012);
  • Organic Law no  61/2008 of 10/09/2008 on the Leadership Code of Conduct as modified and complemented by Organic Law no 11/2013/OL of 11/09/2013 (OG of 28/10/2013);
  • Organic Law N° 12/2013/OL of 12/09/2013 on State finances and property (OG of 05/11/2013)
  • Organic Law N° 10/2013/0L of 11/07/2013 governing Political Organizations and Politicians             (OG of 12/07/2013);
  • Law no  23/2003 of 07/08/2003 on prevention, suppression and punishment of corruption and related offences (section related to offences and sanctions was abrogated and moved to Penal Code) (OG of 03/09/2003);
  • Law no  47/2008 of 09/09/2008 on prevention and penalizing the crime of  money laundering and financing terrorism (section related to offences and sanctions was abrogated and moved to Penal Code) (OG of 23/03/2009);
  • Law no 12/2007 of  27/3/2007 on public procurement as modified and complemented by Law no 05/2003 of 13/02/2013 (OG of 15/04/2007&22/04/2013);
  • Law no35/2012 of 19/09/2012 relating to the protection of whistle-blowers (OG of 05/11/2012);
  • Law no 04/2003 of 08/02/2013 relating to access to information (OG of 11/03/2013);
  • Law no 76/2013 of 11/09/2013 determining the mission, powers, organization and functioning of the Office of the Ombudsman (OG of 18/10/2013);
  • Law N° 86/2013 of 11/09/2013 establishing the general statutes for public service                          (OG of 21/10/2013.


  • Presidential Order N°27/01 of 30/05/2011determining the organization, functioning and mission of the financial investigation Unit (OG of 20/06/2011);
  • Presidential Order N° 64/01 of 12/02/2014 determining the responsibilities, organisation and functioning of the Advisory Council to fight against corruption and injustice (OG of 27/02/2014);
  • Presidential Order Nº46/01 of 29/07/2011 governing modalities for the recruitment, appointment and nomination of public servants (OG of 31/07/2011);
  • Presidential Order Nº 65/01 of 04/03/2014 determining modalities of imposing disciplinary sanctions to public servants (OG of 06/03/2014); etc

(Note: OG stands for Official Gazette)


Yes, we have an Anti-corruption policy which was approved by the Government in 2012.

YesYes200 to 30027378Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, Forensic, Accounting, PolicyRwf 1,823,921,897 for fiscal year 2013-2014 (£ 1,671,789 for £=1,091 Rwf on 18/11/2014) The Cabinet proposes the candidates to the Senate which elects the Ombudsman and his/ her two Deputies.Reasons to terminate office for the Ombudsman and his/her deputies: Resignation, expiration of first/two terms office, illness, death or failure to discharge the duties. In case of the Ombudsman and his/her Deputies fail to discharge his/her duties, the same procedure to appoint him/her is applicable (Q29).
SingaporeCorrupt Practices Investigation BureauEnglish

Prevention of Corruption Act -


Singapore’s anti-corruption strategy focuses on four pillars – i) effective anti-corruption law; ii) effective adjudication to punish and deter those who are prone to corruption; iii) effective administration to reduce opportunities for corruption; and iv)effective enforcement agency.

YesYesData not publicly releasedData not publicly released88Research, Prevention, Investigation, Forensic, PolicyUS$ 17.0591 Million (2009), 20.9 Million (2010-- 6.9% of the PMO’s (Prime Minister's Office total operating expenditure)The PresidentThe President
SloveniaCommission for the Prevention of CorruptionSlovenian

Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act (Official Gazette No69/2011)


Yes. There is currently a single Anti-Corruption Strategy, t.i.  Resolution on the Prevention of Corruption in the Republic of Slovenia.

YesNo1237 in 2011N/A39Prevention, InvestigationUS$ 2.52 Million The President of the Republic of Slovenia.The President (on his/her own motion or on the motion of the Parliament).
Slovak RepublicBureau of the Fight against Corruption of the Presidium of the Police ForceSerbian , Slovak
  • Penal Code - Act No. 300/2005 Coll: Accepting bribes pursuant to Section 328 - 331 of the Penal Code, Offering bribes pursuant to Section 332 - 335 of the Penal Code and  Indirect bribes pursuant to Section 336 of the Penal Code .
  • Code of Criminal Procedure - Act No. 301/2005 Coll.

There is currently a single Anti-Corruption Strategy, and it is called Strategy of Crime Prevention in the Slovak Republic 2007 – 2010.

NoYes185Investigation, PolicyThe agency does not have a separate budget.The minister of the Interior of the Slovak RepublicThe minister of the Interior of the Slovak Republic
Sierra LeoneAnti-Corruption Commission English

















YesYesApprox. 140528196Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, Policy7.6 Million USDHIS EXCELLENCY THE PRESIDENT AND APPROVED BY PARLIAMENTPARLIAMENT
SenegalCommission Nationale de Lutte Contre la Non-Transparence, la Corruption et La ConcussionFrench

The Penal Code; Law 2003-35 Of 24 November 2003 Creating The Cnlcc; Procurement Code; Laws On Illicit Enrichment And Law On Money Laundering.


There is a national anti-corruption plan and a national program of good governance.

YesYesAn average of 25 complaints received per year.10N/A5Research, Prevention, InvestigationUS $ 400,000The President of the Republic The President of the Republic
South SudanSouth Sudan Anti-Corruption commissionEnglish

Southern Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009


Yes, there is a national anti-corruption strategy.

YesNoAverage of 9817N/A134Research, Prevention, Investigation$(US) 6,279,445The President with the approval of the National Ligature Assembly.The President with the approval of the National Ligature Assembly.
SwazilandSwaziland Anti-Corruption CommissionEnglish

The Prevention of Corruption Act, 2006, The Money laundering Prevention Act, 2001, Serious offences (confiscation of proceeds) Act, 2001, The Constitution of the Kingdom of Swaziland, 2005 and The Suppression of Terrorism Act, 2008.


There is a clear anti-corruption strategy but a national anti-corruption policy is being developed.

YesYes51 – 249 cases11N/A33Research, Prevention, Investigation, ForensicUS$ 1.3 Million The Head of State after recommendations from the Judicial Service Commission.The Head of State after recommendations from the JSC
TogoNational Commission for Fighting Corruption and Economic CrimeFrench

A draft anti-corruption law has been elaborated by the anti-corruption commission after two workshops in June and September 2008 and it has been submitted to the Government (minister of Justice) since June 2009. Currently the following laws exist: money laundering law, procurement law and a criminal code.


Currently there is a single Anti-corruption strategy – the National Anti-Corruption Strategy.

NoYes300 (from 2001 to 2005)49Research, Prevention, Investigation, Accounting, PolicyUS ($) 20,000 (The Minister of Finance cut out budget from $100,000 to $20, 000)The Government. The Government.
TanzaniaPrevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau Kiswahili(Swahili)
  1. The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Act,2007
  2. Public Procurement Act, 2011
  3. Public Finance Act, 2004
  4. Anti Money Laundering Act,
  5. Economic and Organized Crimes Control Act, 198

National Anti Corruption Strategy and Action Plan (NACSAP II ). NACSAP II ended in 2011, the review was done in 2012/2013 and we are waiting for the NACSAP III to be launched by the Government any time.

NoYes1,1751,0861722 086Research, Prevention, Investigation, Prosecution, ForensicTZS 16,000,000,000.00 (oc); TZS 40,395,848,414.00 (PE)The President.The President.
UgandaThe Inspectorate of GovernmentEnglish

Constitution of the Republic of Uganda 1995
Inspectorate of Government Act, 2002
Leadership Code Act, 2002
Anti-Corruption Act, 2010
Whistleblowers Protection Act, 2010


Uganda has a National Anti-corruption Strategy. It has been reviewed and the new strategy will be launched on 9th December 2014. 

YesYes200014716376Research, Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionFor FY 2014/15 Ushs 38billion, equivalent to USD 14,074,074The President appoints the Inspector General of Government and the deputies, with approval of ParliamentThe removal of the head of the Institution is provided for under Article 224 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda. The provision states that, the Inspector General or a Deputy Inspector General may be removed from office by the President on the recommendation of a Special tribunal by parliament only for – inability to perform the functions arising from infirmity of body or mind; misconduct, misbehavior or conduct unbecoming of the holder of the office: or Incompetence
KosovoAnti-corruption AgencyAlbanian , Serbian

Law on anti-corruption Agency no. 03/L-159, Law on declaration, origin, control of assets for public senior officials and declaration, origin and control of gifts for all public officials 04/L-050 and Law on prevention of conflict of the interest 04/L-051.


There is currently a primary Anti-Corruption Strategy.

YesNo25022N/A35Research, Prevention, InvestigationUS $ 639,300ParliamentParliament
YemenSupreme National Authority for Combating CorruptionArabic

 Law No. (39) of 2006 on the fight against corruption, Law No. (30) of 2006 on the financial disclosure, Law No. (23) for the year 2007 on public tenders and Auctions, Law No. (47) of 2005 concerning ratification of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), Law No. (35) for the year 2003 on combating Money Laundering, Law no. (4) for the year 2000 on the Local Authority and its amendments, Law No. (6) for the year 1995 on the Impeachment Proceedings and Trail of the Occupant of the Senior Executive Authority (senior officials) in the government, Law No. (12) for the year 1994 on Crimes and Penalties, Law No. (13) for the year 1994 on Criminal Procedure, Law No. (39) for the year 1992 on the Central Organization for Control and Audit (COCA), Law No. (1) for the year 1991 on the Judiciary System, Law No. (19) for the year 1991 on the Civil Service, Law No. (8) for the year 1990 on the Financial Law, Law No. (25) for the year 1990 on the Press and Publications and Presidential Decree, the President of the Supreme Judicial Council (No. 3) for the year 1996 on the Establishment of Courts of Public Funds and determination of their tasks.


There is a National Anti-Corruption Strategy (2010 to 2014) that SNACC developed in collaboration with relevant stakeholders and donors.

YesYes72 in total (in 5 years)7140Research, Prevention, Investigation, Accounting, Policy(US) $3.34 MillionThe parliament and Shura'a Council elect 11 members and then those members elect their head.No one. According to Anti-Corruption Law, the head or members cannot be removed unless there is an order from the Court.
SerbiaAnti-Corruption AgencyAlbanian , Serbian

Law on Anti-Corruption Agency (2010); Law on Financing Political Activities (2011); Law on Organization and Competence of State Authorities in Suppression of Organized Crime, Corruption and Other Very Serious Criminal Offences; Law on the Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime; Law on Liability of Legal Entities for Criminal Offences; Law on Free Access to Information of Public Importance; Law on Personal Data Protection, Criminal Code; Criminal Procedure Code; Law on State Audit Institution; Law on Public Procurements; Law on International Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters, Law on Protection of Competition;  judiciary laws  set (Law on Judges, Law on Public Prosecution, Law on the Seats and Territorial Jurisdictions of Courts and Public Prosecutor’s Offices, Law on High Judicial Council and Law on State Prosecutors Council).


National Anti-Corruption Strategy (AC Strategy) of the Republic of Serbia for the period 2013-2018 was adopted by the National Assembly in July 2013, while the Action Plan (AP) for its implementation was adopted by the Government in August 2013. The ACA is in charge of monitoring of implementation of both AC Strategy and AP.

YesYes1649 (2013)76Prevention, Policy185.595.000 RSD/2013The head of the ACA, i.e. Director is appointed by the Board of the ACA through public competition. As envisaged by the Law on ACA, the Board of the Agency (composed of 9 members, elected by the National Assembly at the notion of the authorized proponents) appoints and dismisses the Director of the Agency.
South AfricaSouth Africa English
  • Public Finance Management Act of 1999
  • Prevention of Organized Crime Act121 of 1998
  • Constitution of the Republic of south Africa
  • Municipal financial Management Act 56 of 2003
  • Financial Intelligence Centre Act 38 of 2001
  • Prevention and combating of Corrupt Activities Act 12 of 2004
  • Prevention of Corruption Act 1988
  • others

No, we have different agencies with different strategies. They are updated regularly as when required.

NoYes+4000550Investigation, Forensic+500 million (rand)The President The President
ZambiaAnti-Corruption CommissionEnglish
  • Anti-Corruption Act No. 3 of 2012
  • Prohibition and Prevention of Money Laundering Act No. 14 of 2001 (As amended by the Act No.44 of 2010)
  • Anti-Terrorism Act No. 21 of 2007
  • Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime Act No. 1 of 2010
  • Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act No. 4 of 2010
  • Plea Negotiation and Agreements Act No. 20 of 2010
  • Financial Intelligence Act No. 46 of 2010

Yes. It was last updated in 2011

YesYes117 15329Research, Prevention, Investigation, ProsecutionUS$ 13 million (ZMK 85,000,000)The president of the Republic of Zambia subject to ratification by National Assembly.Parliament, through a simple majority vote and upon reconstitution of a tribunal that will determine the outcome of the decision to be made.