Profiles: Yemen

Last Updated: June 2012


The Supreme National Anti-Corruption Commission (SNACC) was established under the National Anti-Corruption Act 2006. The SNACC was established in 2007. It is equipped with extensive competences in the prevention as well as investigation of corruption cases and has been commissioned to raise awareness of corruption and educate the general public about corruption-related issues.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

There is a National Anti-Corruption Strategy (2010 to 2014) that SNACC developed in collaboration with relevant stakeholders and donors.

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

 Law No. (39) of 2006 on the fight against corruption, Law No. (30) of 2006 on the financial disclosure, Law No. (23) for the year 2007 on public tenders and Auctions, Law No. (47) of 2005 concerning ratification of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), Law No. (35) for the year 2003 on combating Money Laundering, Law no. (4) for the year 2000 on the Local Authority and its amendments, Law No. (6) for the year 1995 on the Impeachment Proceedings and Trail of the Occupant of the Senior Executive Authority (senior officials) in the government, Law No. (12) for the year 1994 on Crimes and Penalties, Law No. (13) for the year 1994 on Criminal Procedure, Law No. (39) for the year 1992 on the Central Organization for Control and Audit (COCA), Law No. (1) for the year 1991 on the Judiciary System, Law No. (19) for the year 1991 on the Civil Service, Law No. (8) for the year 1990 on the Financial Law, Law No. (25) for the year 1990 on the Press and Publications and Presidential Decree, the President of the Supreme Judicial Council (No. 3) for the year 1996 on the Establishment of Courts of Public Funds and determination of their tasks.

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

The Supreme National Authority for Combating Corruption (SNACC).

Functions Research,Prevention,Investigation,Accounting,Policy
Permanent Staff 140
Number of prosecutors(if applicable)
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 7

Number of cases handled annually

72 in total (in 5 years)

Budget Autonomy Yes
Annual Budget of the Agency (US) $3.34 Million
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? Yes
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? The parliament and Shura'a Council elect 11 members and then those members elect their head.
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? No one. According to Anti-Corruption Law, the head or members cannot be removed unless there is an order from the Court.
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , according to the anti-corruption law, members can only be in SNACC for a one-time (5-year term) only, non-renewable.
Does your agency measure performance? No
Number of investigations launched
Other, please specify
Full access to Government Yes