Profiles: Romania

Last Updated: July 2012


The National Anti-corruption Directorate (DNA) was established in 2002 pursuant to the Strasbourg Criminal Convention on Corruption adopted on January 27, 1999. The DNA is an independent judicial structure and operates within the Prosecutor's Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice. Its jurisdiction covers the whole of Romania with its head office in Bucharest and local offices in 15 territories. The DNA is headed by a chief prosecutor who is assisted by two deputy chief prosecutors. In addition, there are 145 prosecutors, 170 police officers and 55 experts specialized in economics, finance, banking, customs, and information technology working in DNA. Law no. 78/2000 stipulates that DNA has the duty to investigate suspected corruption committed by social, political, and public officials, including members of the Parliament and public employees.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

Romanian Government has a single anticorruption strategy for 2012-2015. It was adopted through the Government Decision no. 215 from 2012, which provides the list of the tasks, the indicators of achievement and the action plan.

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

Government Emergency Ordinance no. 43 from 2002 regarding DNA . Law no. 78 from 2000 on preventing, identifying and sanctioning corruption offences, Romanian Criminal Code. Law no. 144 from 2007 on the establishment, organization and functioning of the National Integrity Agency

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

Ministry of Justice

Functions Investigation,Prosecution
Permanent Staff 538
Number of prosecutors(if applicable) 135
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 168 police officers and 53 experts

Number of cases handled annually

Budget Autonomy Yes
Annual Budget of the Agency US ($) 22 million in 2011
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? Yes
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? The Chief Prosecutor of DNA is proposed by the Minister of Justice and appointed by the President of the Republic, after the Superior Council of Magistracy gives its opinion on this matter.
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? The Chief Prosecutor of DNA can be removed by the President of the Republic, at the proposal of the Minister of Justice, after the Superior Council of Magistracy gives its opinion on this matter.
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , 3 years with the possibility of being reappointed once.
Does your agency measure performance? Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Other, please specify
Number of convictions ruled by the courts
Full access to Government No