Profiles: Pakistan

Last Updated: December 2010


The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) was established on November 16, 1999 by the National Accountability Ordinance. The NAB is a federal executive agency of the Government of Pakistan, with the mandate to deal with corruption prevention, raise public awareness, and enforce of anti-corruption measures. The NAB has its headquarters in the federal capital and has five regional offices in four provinces. The headquarters office exclusively performs policy and monitoring functions, while the hardcore work of investigation is carried out in the regional offices. The NAB's main tasks have been organized along functional lines and are undertaken by four main divisions: Operations, Prosecution, Awareness and Prevention, and Human Resource and Finance Divisions.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

Yes, National Anti-corruption Strategy (NACS).

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

National Accountability Ordinance, Pakistan Penal Code, Prevention of Corruption Act and Anti Money Laundering Act.

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

Functions Prevention,Investigation,Prosecution,Policy
Permanent Staff 1 200
Number of prosecutors(if applicable) 60
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 135

Number of cases handled annually


Budget Autonomy No
Annual Budget of the Agency (US) $5.8 Million
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? Yes
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? No
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? The President of Pakistan.
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? Cannot be removed except on the ground of misconduct, like that of removal of Judge of Supreme Court under Article 209 of the constitution.
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , four years and non-extendable.
Does your agency measure performance? Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Full access to Government Yes