Profiles: Ghana

Last Updated: March 2015


The Commission of Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) was established in 1993 under the 1992 Constitution of Ghana by Act 456. It is the national institution for the protection and promotion of fundamental rights and freedoms and administrative justice in Ghana. CHRAJ combines the work of the Anti-Corruption Agency, the Ombudsman and the human rights commission under one umbrella. The Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice exists to enhance the scale of good governance, democracy, integrity, peace and social development by promoting, protecting and enforcing fundamental human rights and freedoms and administrative justice for all persons in Ghana. Its anti-corruption powers stem from Articles 218(a) & (e); 284-288 of the 1992 Constitution and Section 7 (1) (a), (e) & (f) of Act 456. The Commission both investigates and works to prevent corruption. It is mandated to investigate abuse of power and “all instances of alleged or suspected corruption and the misappropriation of public monies by officials” [Article 218 (e)]. The Commission investigates allegations of Conflict of Interest under Chapter 24 of the 1992 Constitution.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

National Anti – Corruption Plan (NACAP)

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

There are over 20 laws on corruption. They include the following main ones:
Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice Act 1993 (Act 456)
Economic and Organised Crime Act 2010 (804)
Anti-Money Laundering Act 2008(Act 749)
Criminal Offences Act 2007(Act 726)
Financial Administrative Act 2003(Act 654)
Audit service Act 2000 (Act 584)

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

Commission on human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ)

Functions Research,Prevention,Investigation
Permanent Staff 731
Number of prosecutors(if applicable) NA
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 197

Number of cases handled annually

Budget Autonomy No
Annual Budget of the Agency 16,844538
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? No
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? The President of the Republic of Ghana
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? The President and based of findings of misconduct by a Committee of 5 established for the purpose by the Chief Justice
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? No
Does your agency measure performance? Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Percentage of total budget allocated to outreach activities and communication
Full access to Government Yes