Profiles: Ethiopia

Last Updated: August 2012


As part of a series of wide civil service reforms, the Government of Ethiopia established an anti-corruption commission in 2001 (and defined powers in the revised Proclamation 433 of 2005). Ethiopia’s Anti-Corruption Commission’s mandate is only at the federal level, which includes the chartered cities of Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. Since 2007, seven of the nine regional states have established their own anti-corruption commissions to fight and prevent corruption in their respective regions. The Commission has adapted Hong Kong’s three-pronged approach to fighting corruption, which incorporates investigation, prosecution and prevention /ethics education.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

There is a five-year anti-corruption strategy plan.

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

The Criminal Code Proclamation No. 414/2004; The Criminal Procedure Code 1961;The Revised Federal Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission Establishment Proclamation No. 433/2005; The Revised Anti-corruption Special Procedure and Rules of Evidence Proclamation No. 434/2005; Assets Disclosure and Registration Proclamation No. 668/2010; Protection of Witnesses and Whistleblowers of Criminal Offences Proclamation No. 699/2011; Prevention and Suppression of Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism Proclamation No. 657/2009; The African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption Ratification Proclamation No. 545/2007; The United Nations Convention Against Corruption Ratification Proclamation No. 544/2007; IGAD Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Ratification Proclamation No. 732/2012; Regional Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission Establishment Proclamations ( 8 of the nine regions have such laws); Office of the Federal Auditor General Establishment (as amended) Proclamation No. 669/2010; Federal Courts Advocates’ Licensing and Registration Proclamation No. 733/2012; Customs Proclamation No. 622/2009; Licensing and Supervision of Banking Business (Ethiopian National Bank Directive No. SBB/46/2010 Customer Due Diligence of Banks) and Definition of Powers and Duties of the Executive Organs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Proclamation No. 691/2010.

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

Ethiopia is a federal state. Regions have, therefore, a constitutional right to establish their own anti-corruption institutions which are independent from the Federal Government. However, the Federal Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission of Ethiopia is responsible for preparing a national report on anti-corruption efforts across the country. It also solely represents the nation on external communications.

Functions Research,Prevention,Investigation,Prosecution
Permanent Staff 308
Number of prosecutors(if applicable) 32
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 32 (17 of them are support staff)

Number of cases handled annually

Annually, 3,403 corruption cases reported, 922 files investigated and 809 cases handled in court.

Budget Autonomy Yes
Annual Budget of the Agency US$ 2 million
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? Yes
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? The House of Peoples’ Representatives appoints the Commissioner of the Commission upon nomination by the Prime Minister.
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? The Commissioner or the Deputy Commissioner may not be removed except on his will unless a) he has violated the provisions of the relevant code of conduct; b) he has shown manifest incompetence and inefficiency c) he can no longer carry out his responsibilities on account of mental or physical illness.
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , The term of appointment of the Commissioner or the Deputy Commissioner shall be for six years; he may, however, be reappointed where necessary.
Does your agency measure performance? Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Ratio of number of investigations/staff
Other, please specify
Performance is measured against budgetary spending.
Full access to Government Yes