Profiles: Cameroon

Last Updated: February 2015


The National Anti-corruption Commission (CONAC) was established by Decree No. 2006/088 (in French) on March 11, 2006 by the President of Cameroon. Members of CONAC were appointed on March 15, 2007. The CONAC is a public independent body which comes under the direct supervision of the Head of State. Its mission is to monitor and evaluate the effective implementation of the government’s anti-corruption programme. The CONAC has a central structure with branches in almost all ministries. The CONAC has a coordinating and regulatory role in relation to the national anti-corruption policy framework in Cameroon. It has investigating capacities and has a mandate to gather and analyze allegations and information about corrupt practices. The findings of a CONAC inquiry can ultimately lead to disciplinary or legal proceedings.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

Yes. Cameroon has a National Anti-Corruption strategy. It was elaborated in 2010 and adopted by the government in 2011. The implementation is underway using the Rapid Results Initiatives. A second volume of the strategy, still awaiting adoption by the government, was elaborated in 2012.

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

  • Constitution of Cameroon: Amendment of constitution of Cameroon by Law N° 96-06 of 18 January 1996 completing the 1972 Constitution of Cameroon requires the filling of a statement of assets and liabilities for all public officials.
  • Declaration of assets and properties: Law N° 2006/3 of 25/04/2006.
  • Penal Code: Law N0 65 LF -24 of 12 November, 1965; Law N° 67-LF-1 of 12 June, 1967); Law N° 177/23 of 6 December, 1977; Law N° 72 – 16 of 28 September, 1972.
  • Criminal Procedure Code: Law N° 2005/007 of 27th July 2005.
  • Special Criminal Court: Law N° 2011/028 of 14 December, 2011.
  • Bank confidentiality: Law N°2003/004 of 21/04/2003;
  • Financing of political parties and election campaigns: Law N°2000/015 of 19 December 2000.
  • Sanctioning of Corrupt Magistrates: Decree N° 95/048 of 1995.
  • National Anti-Corruption Commission: Decree N° 2006/088 of 11 March 2006.
  • National Governance Programme
  • Cameroon Tax Code
  • Cameroon Public Service Code
  • Cameroon Public Procurement Code
  • UN Convention against Corruption ratified by Cameroon on 25th April 2004.
  • UN Convention for the fight against transnational organized crimes.
  • African Union Convention on the fight against corruption.

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

National Anti-Corruption Commission

Functions Research,Prevention,Investigation,Forensic,Accounting
Permanent Staff 79
Number of prosecutors(if applicable)
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 26

Number of cases handled annually


Budget Autonomy Yes
Annual Budget of the Agency 2 700 000 000 FCFA, approximately 5 400 000 US Dollars.
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? Yes
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? The President of the Republic.
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? The President of the Republic.
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , three years and renewable once.
Does your agency measure performance? Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Other, please specify
Number of outreach activities
Full access to Government Yes