The National Anti-corruption Commission (CONAC) was established by Decree No. 2006/088 (in French) on March 11, 2006 by the President of Cameroon. Members of CONAC were appointed on March 15, 2007. The CONAC is a public independent body which comes under the direct supervision of the Head of State. Its mission is to monitor and evaluate the effective implementation of the government’s anti-corruption programme. The CONAC has a central structure with branches in almost all ministries. The CONAC has a coordinating and regulatory role in relation to the national anti-corruption policy framework in Cameroon. It has investigating capacities and has a mandate to gather and analyze allegations and information about corrupt practices. The findings of a CONAC inquiry can ultimately lead to disciplinary or legal proceedings.
Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?
Yes. Cameroon has a National Anti-Corruption strategy. It was elaborated in 2010 and adopted by the government in 2011. The implementation is underway using the Rapid Results Initiatives. A second volume of the strategy, still awaiting adoption by the government, was elaborated in 2012.
What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?
- Constitution of Cameroon: Amendment of constitution of Cameroon by Law N° 96-06 of 18 January 1996 completing the 1972 Constitution of Cameroon requires the filling of a statement of assets and liabilities for all public officials.
- Declaration of assets and properties: Law N° 2006/3 of 25/04/2006.
- Penal Code: Law N0 65 LF -24 of 12 November, 1965; Law N° 67-LF-1 of 12 June, 1967); Law N° 177/23 of 6 December, 1977; Law N° 72 – 16 of 28 September, 1972.
- Criminal Procedure Code: Law N° 2005/007 of 27th July 2005.
- Special Criminal Court: Law N° 2011/028 of 14 December, 2011.
- Bank confidentiality: Law N°2003/004 of 21/04/2003;
- Financing of political parties and election campaigns: Law N°2000/015 of 19 December 2000.
- Sanctioning of Corrupt Magistrates: Decree N° 95/048 of 1995.
- National Anti-Corruption Commission: Decree N° 2006/088 of 11 March 2006.
- National Governance Programme
- Cameroon Tax Code
- Cameroon Public Service Code
- Cameroon Public Procurement Code
- UN Convention against Corruption ratified by Cameroon on 25th April 2004.
- UN Convention for the fight against transnational organized crimes.
- African Union Convention on the fight against corruption.
Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?
National Anti-Corruption Commission
|Number of prosecutors(if applicable)|
|Number of investigators (if Applicable)||26|
Number of cases handled annually
|Annual Budget of the Agency||2 700 000 000 FCFA, approximately 5 400 000 US Dollars.|
|Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)?||Yes|
|Does your country have freedom of information legislation?||Yes|
|Does your country have conflict of interest legislation?||Yes|
|Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest?||Yes|
|Who appoints the head of your agency?||The President of the Republic.|
|Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA?||The President of the Republic.|
|Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA?||Yes , three years and renewable once.|
|Does your agency measure performance?||Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Other, please specify
Number of outreach activities
|Full access to Government||Yes|