Profiles: Botswana

Last Updated: April 2015


The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was established in September 1994 under the Corruption and Economic Crime Act Model and staffed by the former members of the Hong Kong agency and local personnel. The Directorate is an operationally autonomous law enforcement agency. The legal mandate of the DCEC is to combat corruption. It can investigate, prosecute offenders, and prepare strategies to combat corruption and provide public education and training.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

National Anti Corruption Strategy exists on the investigative, Preventive and Education effort. It was updated in 2013.

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

Corruption and Economic Crime Act of 1994
Amended Corruption and Economic Crime Act of 2013
Proceeds and Instruments of Crime of 2014
Section 99 of the Penal Code of 1964

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

the DCEC coordinates all anti-corruption activities such as Anti-Corruption Committees, Anti-Corruption Units in Government Ministries as well as Anti-Corruption Clubs in schools and other institutions.

Functions Prevention,Investigation,Forensic,Policy
Permanent Staff 294
Number of prosecutors(if applicable) Lawyers to assist in the prosecution led Investigation.
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 76 Investigators and 11 Legal advisers

Number of cases handled annually

Budget Autonomy Yes
Annual Budget of the Agency £ 6,767,933.
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? No
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? No
Who appoints the head of your agency? HE The President of Botswana
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? HE The President of Botswana
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , 5 years (renewable)
Does your agency measure performance? Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Ratio of number of investigations/staff
Public opinion survey
Conviction rate
Level of implementation of recommendations emanating from preventive work
Full access to Government Yes