Profiles: Nepal

Last Updated: December 2010


The Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) is a constitutional body mandated with controlling corruption and investigating financial irregularities and corruption involving public officials. It is a distinctive anti-corruption agency in South Asia, simultaneously playing the roles of ombudsman, investigator and prosecutor. The CIAA has the right to access bank, financial, and commercial records when investigating public sector corruption and it has used this right in some cases. It aims to crack down on corruption using a systems-based approach. It also focuses on detection and punishment of corrupt behavior, as well as social, cultural and institutional reform.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

Yes, national anti-corruption strategy.

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

Anti-corruption Act, Investigation of Abuse of Authority Act, Procurement Act, Money loading Act,  Information Act and, Investigative of Abuse of Authority rule and regulation.

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

The Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority.

Functions Prevention,Investigation,Prosecution
Permanent Staff 0
Number of prosecutors(if applicable) 20
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 80

Number of cases handled annually


Budget Autonomy No
Annual Budget of the Agency US ($) 1.38 Million
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? No
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? No
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? Appointed by the Prime Minister upon the recommendation of the constitutional council.
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? The chief commissioner and the commissioners may only be removed from their office by way of impeachment motion with a two third majority of the total number of the legislative parliament.
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , appointed for a term of 6 years. They can be reappointed. They can remain in their office till the age of 65 years.
Does your agency measure performance? Yes

Full access to Government Yes