Profiles: Kenya

Last Updated: April 2015


The Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission (KACC) is a public body created by the Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act in 2003. The KACC became fully operational in August 2005 and replaced previous agencies and units working on corruption-related issues. The KACC is responsible for investigating and preventing corruption, economic crimes and educating the public on the dangers of corruption. The KACC does not have any prosecution powers, but forwards cases to the Attorney General. The KACC receives regular funding and has a full-time staff, which, according to Global Integrity 2009, is among the best-paid public officials in Kenya.

Does your government have a single or primary anticorruption strategy?

The National Anti-Corruption Policy is in the process of formulation.

What are the main anticorruption laws of your country?

  1. The Constitution 2010: Chapter Six sets out the requirements of leadership and integrity expected of all public and state officers.
  2. Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission Act, 2011: It mainly establishes the EACC, and provides for its functions and powers. Enacted pursuant to Article 79 of the Constitution.
  3. Leadership and Integrity Act, 2012: This Act provides for the procedures and mechanisms of administering the constitutional requirements on leadership and integrity under Chapter Six of the Constitution.
  4. Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act, 2003: This Act establishes offences of corruption and economic crimes, provides for their investigation and penalties.
  5. Public Officer Ethics Act, 2003: The Act was enacted to provide for ethical requirements of public officers, including wealth declaration requirements.

Is there one agency in charge of coordinating AC efforts across agencies?

Functions Research,Prevention,Investigation,Forensic,Policy
Permanent Staff 385
Number of prosecutors(if applicable)
Number of investigators (if Applicable) 83

Number of cases handled annually

Budget Autonomy No
Annual Budget of the Agency Varies from year to year, on average Kshs. 1.5 billion.
Are employees protected by law from recrimination or other negative consequences when reporting corruption (i.e. whistle-blowing)? Yes
Does your country have freedom of information legislation? Yes
Does your country have conflict of interest legislation? Yes
Does your country have a financial disclosure system to help prevent conflicts of interest? Yes
Who appoints the head of your agency? President, with approval of Parliament.
Who has the authority to remove the head of the ACA? President, on the recommendation of a Tribunal
Is there any term limit for the head of the ACA? Yes , One term of six years non renewable
Does your agency measure performance? Yes
Number of investigations launched
Number of investigations completed
Other, please specify
Number of outreach activities delivered
Full access to Government Yes